Data Collection at Texas Tobacco Prevention and Control Program Essay.
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Data Collection for the Texas Tobacco Prevention and Control Program
1) In the Texas Tobacco Prevention and Control Program that you have been studying, are they collecting data on an ongoing basis? If so, what type of data are they collecting, and with what instruments or tools? Are these appropriate choices? Provide support for your answer.
2) If your program does not have ongoing data collection, identify one kind of measurement instrument or tool you would use, and the type of data, for measuring the outcomes of your program. Explain your choice. If a measurement instrument or tool is not appropriate, explain what individual questions or items would be used.
3) Briefly explain the concepts of reliability and validity in terms of measurement. Then, for either the current or proposed data collection method you described, explain what steps you would take to establish the reliability and the validity of this measurement instrument or individual items.
Here’s a snippet of the essay.
Method of Data Collection
A combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods were used in obtaining information from within and without the Texas Tobacco Prevention and Control Program (TTPCP). Basically, the sources of data collected exist in any research methodology, namely; primary and secondary sources.
Primary and Secondary Sources of Data
The researcher had collected the data through the use of questionnaire, structured interview, and observation. The study utilized two types of questionnaires, structured questionnaires and open ended questionnaire. The structured questionnaire requires a respondent to answer a question by simply choosing the appropriate answer from options provided (Brace, 2008, P. 58). The open-ended questionnaire provides a space for the respondents to write their answers. With the structured questions, responses would be easily quantified, but when it came to obtaining of information which a research did not even expect from the respondents, the open ended questions were better (Ibid). The secondary data consisted of information from text books and other relevant publications. The following sources provided the secondary data needed in this research: Textbooks by various authors on project management; Seminar papers on tobacco prevention, annual reports of the TTPCP, and internet resources including statistics by the American Cancer Association.