Logical argument on Capital Punishment Essay.
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Justification of Capital Punishment
Capital punishment is a penalty passed in a judicial process to execute an individual when found guilty and convicted for a hard and capital offence (Hodgkinson & Rutherford, 1996). Death in the Bible is prescribed for murder and other different crimes. Society has always utilized punishment to discourage criminals and individuals from unlawful activities. Since the society has the uppermost interest in preventing murder and other capital offences, it should utilize the severest punishment available to prevent capital offences, the death penalty is, therefore, the most appropriate punishment for these kinds of crimes. If murders and capital offenders are executed, would-be criminals will think twice before murdering or committing other capital offences for fear of losing their lives. Capital punishment is not only necessary for preventing heinous crimes, but it is also important in preserving an orderly and safe society.
Those against capital punishment argue that genuinely innocent individuals can be sentenced wrongfully and executed, there exist no possible way for compensating such individuals for this miscarriage of justice (Hodgkinson & Rutherford, 1996). Although it rarely occurs, there will always be those sentenced unjustly, however if laws have to exist, some individuals will be martyrs for them. Further, since the death penalty is only enforced under extreme cases, when capital offences like murder and rape are proven to have been committed and when there exist undeniable supporting evidence, the probability of executing innocent persons is extremely low (Hodgkinson & Rutherford, 1996). Others support the notion that the death penalty does not prevent capital offences; they argue that capital punishment is not deterrent because many individuals who commit capital offences either don’t anticipate being trapped or do not carefully weigh the difference between life in prison and possible execution before they act. In many instances, capital offences are committed in moments of anger or passion, or by individuals who are drug abusers and act impulsively as a result. However, according to research conducted by Isaac Ehrlich, every time an inmate is executed, seven lives are saved, and other criminals deterred from committing capital offences (Hodgkinson & Rutherford, 1996). Furthermore, although some studies concerning the preventive effect of the death penalty on capital offenses are inconclusive, it is only because capital punishment is rarely utilized and it takes a long period before and execution is performed.