Past, Present, And Future: A Look at Unethical Medical Practices Essay

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Details:Here\’s instructions on my paper: Term Paper: Students will
complete one research paper for this class. The paper should be a
minimum of ten pages of content, excluding coversheet, abstract, and
references, and should utilize at least ten scholarly references.
Papers must utilize APA format. Topics for papers must also be
pre-approved by the professor. If Safe Assignment detects more than a
20% match of previously written work, the paper must be redone to
reduce this %.
Here are a few resources I want to use:

http://www.thelibertybeacon.com/2013/10/24/the-true-u-s-history-of-human-medical-experimentation/

Also, the attached as well.  I have these 2, but need a total of 10
resources.  Here’s what I had in mind for my outline:

History

Nuremberg Code
declaration of Helsinski
national research act 0f 1974
the Belmont report

some main points:

examples of past, present, current
laws in place now

I’m flexible on the paper and how ever you want to write it – just
NEED it done and I don’t have time!  Thank you.
thank you!

Here’s a small introduction of the essay

 

Abstract

 

Ethical guidelines are present in all professions, the health care sector included. Ethics are a source of unity and coordination in professions and promote mutual understanding between parties in particular professions. Medical practice promotes the well being of everyone in society and is guided by ethical principles to ensure that this goal is achieved. Medical practice has been present amongst mankind since the beginning of time. The elements of practice have however not been similar and have been sensitive to changes taking place in society. Ethical guidelines have been in use in an attempt to ensure credibility and accountability on the part of the medical practitioner. In traditional society, ethical principles ranged from society to society with an example being the Hippocratic Oath that was used in the Greek society by health care providers. The Indian society also had the ayurveda that governed various facets of life including the provision of healing services. The traditional society was not free from malicious healthcare providers who failed to honor ethical guidelines. Unethical practices such as human experimentation were present in traditional society. Changes in lifestyles of people prompted by advancement in knowledge and technology also brought transformation in the methods of medical practice. New sets of ethical guidelines were formulated to match the changes and limit unethical practices.

 

 

 

 

 

Introduction

Ethics in medical practices sets out the standards of practice that are expected of every medical practitioner. Ethical standards enable the protection and safeguarding of the patient’s rights. Ethics also ensure honesty across the medical practice and maintenance of standards of quality. The 21st century has seen widespread advancements in technology that has enhanced medicine and health care thus improving and saving millions of lives all over the world. The change in provision of health care has led to a world of new challenges for health workers especially in the area of ethics. Ethical dilemmas are now on the rise due to the constant changes occurring in the health sector. Code of ethics present the society’s values and beliefs and as such is sensitive to any changes that occur in the society. Ethics that were considered in the past may be different from those in use currently and those that will be used in the future.

In the past, health challenges prompted the development of healers and creation of codes of ethics that would guide the healers when offering treatment. Healers were bound by medical oaths that governed their practice. Each society defined its own expectations of the healer’s behavior. These expectations were mainly based on religious beliefs of the societies and the healing practices. The Greeks are part of the pioneers of ethical codes in the medical practice. The Hippocratic Oath originated from the Greek society and was taken by physicians who swore to practice medicine honestly. The oath was considered a rite of passage for people interested in practicing medicine in the society and was considered a sacred activity. The oath involved swearing upon several healing gods, to uphold ethical standards. The oath strictly prohibited the practice of carrying out abortions. Performing abortions was regarded an unethical practice. The Hippocratic Oath also forbade administering of lethal injections to prisoners. Doctors in the past would not take part in administering the lethal injection; their presence was only for the purpose of pronouncing the prisoner dead. The oath stipulated that the doctor would not give a lethal drug to anyone when asked and would not also provide advice regarding lethal injection. The Hippocratic Oath also regarded corruption by doctors as unethical. Doctors therefore made sure that they did not engage in any forms of corruption.

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