The Effect of Stress and Violence Exposure on Youth Crime and Violence Essay

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Details:In the Final Project, you are asked to demonstrate your ability to conduct an abbreviated literature review on a forensic psychology topic of your choosing and report your findings from the literature review. Your Final Project should include  research articles on your chosen topic and should be empirically based. The articles also should represent contemporary findings on your topic and come from peer-reviewed journals. Your Final Project should end with a summary of the major findings from your literature review and your recommendation of possible future directions that research on your chosen topic may cover. A superior Final Project demonstrates breadth and depth of knowledge and critical thinking appropriate for graduate-level scholarship.  In other words, you may use non-peer reviewed and non-empirically based material in addition to your  peer-reviewed, empirically-based journal articles. If referring to a book as one of your non-peer reviewed, non-empirically based sources, be sure to include all information in APA style, including specific page numbers. Note that an article referred to in a book is a secondary source and does not count as one of your peer-reviewed, empirically-based articles. You must go directly to the original source for your  peer-reviewed, empirically based articles

 

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The Effect of Depression and Violence Exposure on Youth Crime and Violence

Previous research has revealed a hazardous effect of exposure to community violence among the youth. This paper analyzes the literature regarding the effect of exposure to violence and depression on youth crime and violence.

 

Koposov, R. & Ruchkin. (2011). Exposure to Community Violence, Psychopathology, and Personality Traits in Russian Youth.

 

In 2011, Koposov & Ruchkin published a research in which they investigated the relationship between exposure to community violence, psychopathology, and personality traits among the youths in Russia. In their research, the role of factors that influence the processing of traumatic events as personality were investigated. The study represented a part of an ongoing cross-cultural project that assessed the risk and protective factors for adjusting to adolescence. Surveys on the community sample would be administered to adolescents between 14 and 18 years in a large area North of European Russia. The delinquent sample was obtained from subjects who were recruited from male adolescent inmates between 14 and 19 years. Most of the delinquents recruited were charged with property crimes such as car theft, violence-related crimes such as robbery and assault, and in some cases sexual violence. The two groups of community youth and male delinquents (N = 546 and N = 352 respectively) completed questionnaires assessing the level of exposure to violence, conduct problems, personality, and internalizing psychopathology. To assess psychopathology, two measures were used; Child PTSD Reaction Index, and the Beck Depression Inventory (Koposov & Ruchkin, 2011). The community sample reported a relatively high level of exposure to violence in terms of witnessing and victimization, with a high rate of exposure among boys. Although girls were not as frequently exposed as their male counterparts, they reported a higher likelihood of psychopathology. As the research had predicted, the levels of severe behavior problems in both delinquent and community samples were significantly related to victimization and witnessing. According to the study, higher levels of exposure to violence were associated with more frequent incidences of posttraumatic stress and depression.

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