Alternatives to Incarceration Essay.
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Details: need 10 page paper for criminal justice course about alternatives to incarceration
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Incarceration is the outcome after a crime is perpetrated by an individual, and has various objectives. Fundamentally, it is planned to keep persons who have carried out a crime under secure control and to discipline them by denying them of their freedom. Imprisonment keeps them from carrying out further crimes while they are detained “and, in theory, permits them to be restored throughout their time of imprisonment. The objective of rehabilitation is to address the underlying components that prompted criminal conduct and by so doing, decreasing the probability of re-offending. Notwithstanding, it is exactly this destination that is for the most part not being met by imprisonment. Actually, prove demonstrates that prisons seldom restore, as well as they have a tendency to further criminalize people, expediting re-culpable and a cycle of discharge and imprisonment, which does nothing to lessen overcrowding in prisons or to manufacture more secure neighborhoods.” (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, 2006)
The US has for years been face with a significant problem of overcrowding in public prisons among other problems in the criminal justice system. Due to insufficient funding in almost all areas in the criminal justice system, there are only limited options to help the offender. Specialized treatment services may be available, however, not at the rate that is desired. The cost of establishing new jails has escalated and in many instance, it affects the state and federal resources. The area of sentencing has for long been regarded as a source of solutions to the problems surrounding the criminal justice system. Through proper sentencing, the state and federal governments can derive viable alternatives to incarceration. Several cases have been registered whereby the criminal justice system has been called upon to re-invent new alternatives to incarceration that would ensure rehabilitation as well as maximize public safety (UNODC, 2006, p. 9). The development of alternatives has been proposed as a viable way of allowing the public to function greatly while lowering the innate population, at the same time, inculcating a positive change in the offender for their future conduct. These alternatives will play a crucial role of decongesting prisons as well as reforming the offenders at all levels.
In the mid-1800’s, a Bostonian metro activist John Augustus, started to recognize criminal respondents who, in his though, were ready for rehabilitation. He tried to bail a few litigants from their crime life by assisting them to acquire employments and location the social issues prompting their criminal demonstrations. Therefore, the early foundations of probation were conceived. In its origin, probation was seen as a chance for a potential probationer to finish an arrangement of undertakings that would inevitably accelerate a helpful and crime free life in the group. Augustus, in addition to volunteers, would regulate the wrongdoers inside the group, helping them find occupations, lodging and go about as tutors to the wrongdoer in the trusts his crimes might not be rehashed. This “case administration” style of supervision and following outside of containment turned into the seed of current probation – a system of supervision inside the neighborhood that permits a guilty party a chance to isolate from the group. Despite there being numerous modes of organized neighborhood supervision set up, they all take after the definitive thought of permitting a wrongdoer the chance to be considered responsible for his crimes while working towards the objective of being a productive part of the social order (Scheb & Scheb, 2011, p. 232)