International Terrorism: A Threat to International Security Essay.

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Terrorism may be defined as the application of violence or force against a person or state’s property aimed at intimidation, ransom, or coercion. Terrorism may be categorized into Domestic terrorism which refers to the terror activities that are directed to populations or facilities without a foreign dimension, and international terrorism than refers to terror activities that are foreign based; meaning they be sponsored by groups outside the target nation. International terrorism may pose the greatest threat international security. The global trends in terrorism indicate that increasing number of terrorism groups may develop elaborate networks, and become harder to track and or identify (Burnett, 1990, 21). A contemporary trend seems to be towards international terrorist networks that are loosely organized and self-financed. The looming trend of Islamist groups and religious organizations seems not worthy. A lot of has been directed to the growth of political participation of Islamic extremists in foreign nations. Also noteworthy is the superficial development of cross-national links among various terrorist organizations. This may include funding, political advice, technology transfer, and combination of military training. This paper examines the extent of international terrorism, and attempts to substantiate whether it may be a major challenge to international security (Kaplan, 1997, 25).


The Security Threat of International Terrorism


International terrorism is increasingly considered as a threat to foreign security. A considerable number of analysts have found that major Islamism groups’ objective is heighten economic and political tensions in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Russia, Indonesia, and other nations. These operations are powered by the innate goal to eradicate the purported secular activities of the west around their nations (Kenes, 2002, 17). The ability of terrorists to develop their own financing also invokes a lot of concern in the fight against terror.


Of utmost concern to international security policies is the specter of propagation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The improvisation and possession of the WMD may be powered by the state sponsors who include Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Syria, and Sudan who have had several WMD programs. North Korea and Iran are believed to posses nuclear weapon programs at varied stages of development. On several occasions, terrorist have also tried to acquire weapons of mass destruction independently. For instance  Sarin; a fatal  nerve gas that was used to attack Tokyo subway in 1995 killing 12 people was acquired by the Aum Shinrikyo Cult based in Japan. This cult was able to acquire technology on how to improvise the gas from Russia in 1990s independently (Kaplan, 1997, 18). There are also several counts of the Al Qaeda militia to procure WMD, for instance, in 2001 the London Daily Telegraph cited  lengthy discussions between the former Al Qaeda leader Osama Bin Laden and nuclear scientists in Pakistan pertaining Biological, chemical, and nuclear weapons (Smith, 2001, 14). These incidences pose a great threat to the international security in the world.

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