Details: I want you to do RESEARCH ON SOMETHING THAT IS CONSIDERED DEVIANT here not in other places, or vice versa. Make sure you explain the social context surrounding the issue. Use the theories and concepts learned in this course to explain the issue. Examples include prostitution, marijuana, gay marriage, etc. Be sure to address the following points: â€¢What is the issue?. â€¢How is it dealt with here and there?. â€¢Describe the social climate here and there.. â€¢What changed? That is, how come it is no longer deviant?. â€¢Describe the contestations of power that went/go into this issue..
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Gay marriage, also known as same-sex marriage is the union of two persons of identical gender identity; that is a man marrying another man or a woman marrying another woman. On the other hand, a normal marriage would be considered as one involving two people of different gender identities. Contrary to gay marriage, different sex marriage may be advocated in a normal society. The US government does not acknowledge gay marriages. In many social-cultural backgrounds, gay marriage may be considered deviant. In the US, negative effects of gay marriage may be perceived as obvious, and almost all cultures admonish the act.
Majority of the religions especially Christianity consider homosexuality a sin. Naturally, same sex marriage cannot compliment either male or female, procreation cannot happen in this case, God’s plan for man is to ensure that procreation takes place in the natural way; therefore, the act may be viewed as that which subverts God’s purpose for human sexuality. The definition and respect of the institution of marriage would be weakened by the practice. Marriage being a sacred institution, it should be respected, and its definition should apply to the case of a man and a woman uniting. Gay marriage is also a scourge that may pose abuse to the family values essential to the society, the traditional components of a family being a man, a woman and children strengthen the institution, introducing other forms of marriage may weaken the structure of the family (Messerli 2011). Besides, homosexuality may be linked to spread of venereal diseases, low life expectancy and psychological effects like stigma. Nevertheless, diversity of culture in different parts of the world may pose a different view from what prevails in the US.
Unlike here in the US, Argentina recognizes same sex marriage. In fact, this was the first to legalize gay marriage followed by Belgium and Canada. The practice is also gaining acceptance in South Africa. In the US, poles have repeatedly shown that over 75% of the population opposes gay marriage. The constitution is the most supreme organ governing the US followed by state constitutions and statutes, the fact that the constitution does not recognize gay marriage nullifies all other views on the issue. Suggestions forwarded seeking to change the wording of the constitution to allow gay marriage has severally been blocked by the senate. The US constitution defines marriage as a union of a man and a woman, politicians including Obama when he was vying for the senate post did support gay marriage.
The phenomenon does not seem to pick acceptance in the US in the near future, this is because change in the society happens gradually (Masserli, 2011). However, it is astonishing how cultures can change with location. In Argentina, though the public rampaged in the streets of the capital against the practice, it came to be legalized by the congress. It was during after President Christina Fernandez experienced a tussle with the Catholic Church over the issue, according to the president; it would be a discredit to democracy to deny gay partners their legal right to marry, it would also apply to the church that the nation’s social mores had become more liberal and less discriminatory (Barrionuevo, 2010). Buenos Aires may be viewed as a potential destination for homosexuals; this is because, from the state legalized the issue, much of the public has followed by practicing it.
The social climate US disregards issues of homosexuality, though debates may be raised concerning the issue, politicians comment on the issue extremely carefully fearing the public reaction. In a recent interview with ABC news, president Obama happened to declare support for gay marriage as a democratic right. However, this was a personal opinion but not the verdict of the government; nevertheless, the comment drew negative reactions from the community. Some people described the comment as a disregard to the will of the people (Murashko, 2012). This may be remarkably different from what happens in Argentina.
The societal view on homosexuality and bisexuals has profoundly changed. The society in Buenos Aires may be changing towards acceptance of gay practices. Gay-oriented businesses have characterized the place, organizations and public activities related to homosexuality are common in Argentina. The impact of homosexuality may be developed to the extent that organizations like Argentina Homosexual Community prevail with leaders appearing in public scenes. Gay activities including Gay Pride week would be viewed as vital changes in the culture towards homosexuality. Other things leading to growth of the practice could be the highly boasted opening of the first gay beach near Buenos Aires. This shows that the culture of the people in Argentina is profoundly changing towards acceptance of gay marriages.
The acceptance of gay marriages in Argentina came gradually with reforms in legal regulation. The reforms may have dismantled the cultural and religion’s influence in the society. Irrespective of the law reaffirming the centrality of marriage when positioning a social order, it redefined marriage in a way to distance it from the sacrament of the Holy Catholic Church. Secularist ideologies dating back to 1888 led to distinguishing of civic marriages from religious marriages, this brought autonomy between the church and the state over the issue of marriage. With restoration of democracy in the country, a divorce law passed in 1987, the law further decayed moral values of the institution of marriage by opting to dissolve the pact biding a man and a woman together during marriage. With divorce gaining acceptance, the sacred institution of marriage would be distorted to a point where, in 2010, a law was passed recognizing same sex marriages. The series of events led to gradual fading of the concept that sexes would be complimentary and gave rise to the notion that sexes were equal.
The act of gay marriage evokes power contestations among significant political and media personalities. Much of the debate goes to legalization of gay marriages. Humanitarian groups have also been advancing moves to contest the issue. In the US, different groups have proposed homosexuality with others proposing it. Those who propose gay marriage site issues such as child adoption, payment of taxes, medical coverage, hospital visitation and property inheritance. Human rights activists in plea for legalization of gay marriages argue that denying gays a chance to marry is a violation of their religious freedom. According to the American Psychological Association, if the a person’s religious views, or lack of must be protected, this goes ahead to be explained that as much as a person who does not support gay marriage may be protected, the same case should apply to the one who supports it.
The human rights council of the United Nations once met in Singapore to address topics of gay marriages, lesbianism and policy issues attached to them. Some of the issues suggested were that marriage is paramount in reducing promiscuity irrespective of its nature that is same sex or different sex (Swan, 117). Also, suggested was that Spread of Sexually Transmitted Diseases such as HIV/Aids, herpes and syphilis may be linked to multiple sexual partners, a phenomena most experienced among opposite sexes. With gay marriage facing immense stigmatization, chances of playing ones partner are extremely rare, and this can further go ahead to reduce the spread of venereal disease.
Contestations against gay marriage are particularly conspicuous in the world of politics, majority of state constitutions in USA, for instance, Northern Carolina passed a law that prohibited same sex marriage, politically, gay marriage is an issue that would be purported to divide a nation. President Obama who previously had earlier stated his opinion against gay marriage said that he was evolving over the issue with increased interactions. Obama’s recently drew negative reactions from the society when he declared his personal support for gay marriage. The statement labeled him as the first president to support gay marriage while still in office. Nevertheless, the president opposes any possibilities that a bill would be passed in favor for gay marriage. The magnitude of the debate may be seen to draw increased support for republican rivals such as Mitt Rommey who reject same sex marriage.
The power contests explicitly show that opinion on the support of this issue can influence voting decisions of many people. Ideologies continue to be raised over the issue of gay marriages; it is surprising to see how the society can change over time to favor practices that never used to exist. Gay marriage may be considered illegal and against social conduct in many states in the USA but elsewhere the issue may be seen as a normal activity. This should portray how cultures can change over time depending on the geographical location. It is acceptable that the issues that affect social conduct may change; this change can go a long way in swaying public opinion regarding the acceptability of deviant behaviors.
Barrionuevo, A. (2010). “Argentina Approves Gay Marriage, in a First for Region” The New York Times. Print.
Messerli, J. (2011). Should same sex marriage be legalized? Balanced politics.org. Retrieved April 19, 2012 from http://www.balancedpolitics.org/same_sex_marriages.htm
Murashko, A. (2012). Focus on the Family: Obama Disrespecting ‘Will of the People’. The Christian Post. Retrieved 11 May 2012. Web.
Swan, W. (1998). Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual/Transgender Public Policy Issues. London:Routledge